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INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION OF BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION Kit
When Cancer is found early, treatment is always simpler and more likely to be effective.
Self examining one's own breasts every month is the best method for detecting the early stages of breast cancer.
10 minutes a month is all it takes.
The greatest weapon we can use in the fight against breast cancer is public awareness. As deadly as breast cancer is, it can be cured only if it is detected at the early stages.
 
In recognition of the increasing incidence of breast cancer, this breast self examination kit has been developed for the women of Lagos State to be empowered in detecting breast cancer early and seeking appropriate medical treatment
 
 
 
 
What is a Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue and / or adjacent areas.

The main types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive lobular carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and Paget's disease of the nipple.

Incidence increases with age, other risk factors may include a family history of breast cancer, late menopause, obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.

Initial symptoms may include a small painless lump, thick or dimpled skin, or nipple retraction.

Worldwide, it is the most common form of cancer in females, and in the Western world it affects approximately 10% of all women at some stage of their life.

Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer at the earliest possible stage have a 9 in 10 chance of a successful recovery.
Every 15 minutes a woman in UK is diagnosed with breast cancer
In 2004 there were 44,659 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in the UK
In the UK in 2005 there were 12,509 deaths from breast cancer
1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime
Survival rates for breast cancer have been improving
90% of cases are detected by the sufferer or partner

Breast Awairness & Self Examination
Risks, screening and detection of the disease
Breast Cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases for women around the world. According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is the second leading cause of death for women in the United States, and the leading overall cause of cancer death in women between the ages of 20 and 59. One in nine women worldwide will develop breast cancer by the age of 80.

Who is at risk?
Everybody should be aware of the risk, but some women more so than others. The risk of breast cancer increases as women get older and most breast cancers occur in women over the age of 50. Those who have a family history of breast cancer have a higher chance of developing the disease, as do those who have taken hormone replacement therapy over a prolonged period of time. Early detection is the best tool to prevent the spread of breast cancer and a crucial part of an overall strategy for successful treatment.

What is the best method of detection?
Regular breast self-examinations and clinical examinations by a healthcare professional are important, but mammography is the most effective way to find breast cancer early, often before a lump is even large enough to be felt.

Who should have a screening?
Mammograms are generally recommended for women, beginning at 40 years of age. However, this recommended age does vary depending on contributing factors such as family history. If there is any doubt, it is best to start early and test often.

Examining your own breasts
Many women feel that breast self-examinations are a complicated procedure and that they do not have enough medical training to examine themselves. This is NOT the case. Nobody knows your body better than you do and you are the best person to notice any changes. Breast self-examinations should be completed at least once a month. The best time to perform the examination is in the week after your period. During breast self-examination, you should look out for the following changes:
  • Swelling within parts of the breast
  • Skin irritation or dimpling of the skin
  • Nipple pain or the nipple turning inwards
  • Red or scaly appearance of the nipple or skin
  • Nipple discharge other than breast milk
  • A lump in the underarm area
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